** Computer Aided Learning
** >>
Go Buttom
It
is widely accepted that the integration of modern Information and
Communication Technologies (ICT) into the teaching learning process has
great potential. In fact, it could be the most important way by which
states can meet their educational aspirations within reasonable time and
resources. The use of computers in Elementary schools is basically
vision as a teaching and learning aid besides to develop computer
literacy amongst the children. Computer aided learning will help us to
make the present teaching learning process joyful, interesting and easy
to understand through audio-visual aids. Teachers will be resourced with
Multimedia Contents to explain topics better. Overall it will help us to
improve quality of education in long learn.
Not much take-up in the previous years
except computer literacy programme for 2580 Upper Primary students of 64
schools and 90 teachers of three districts viz, Imphal East, Senapati
and Bishnupur. SSA State Mission Authority, Manipur is planning to
initiate computer-aided education in 510 schools during the year
2007-08.
Main features of Computer Aided Learning
in Elementary Schools are as follows:
i.
A total of 510 schools will be covered on pilot basis
across the 9 districts.
ii.
Around 10-15 schools will be covered in each blocks.
iii.
Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) or
Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOT) model will be followed for
implementation.
iv.
These schools will also be designated as SSA Model
Schools where in other SSA Interventions will also be focussed in.
v.
Only schools with Upper Primary sections (ME/MV/Composite
Schools) will be covered under the project.
vi.
Each school will be provided with Computers, 1 Dot Matrix
Printer and a UPS Systems.
vii.
Each school will be provided with Multimedia based
teaching learning aids on CD for selected hard spots (topics) in
Science, Mathematics and English subjects.
viii.
These contents will be developed as per new National
Curriculum Framework.
ix.
Minimum two teachers (Science & English) from each school
will also be trained to transact the classroom processes and on basic
operations of computers.
x.
Additional classrooms will also be provided in selected
schools under Civil Works Programme wherever necessary.
*
I Development of Multimedia Based Educational Content *
The Multimedia Based Educational Content will be developed in local
languages/mediums besides English on the identified hard spots in
Science, Mathematics and English subjects. These will be used for
improved and enhance teaching-learning process in classrooms. Concepts
hard to visualize, simulations and dynamic processes will be explained
through good and effective graphics, sound, animations and video clips
based on imaginative analogies and components locally available,
commonly noticed by the children in real life.
The developed Multimedia Based Educational Content with an aim to help
acquire knowledge, reinforce learning, and will go beyond to include
conceptual clarity of the knowledge acquired. Adequate levels of
visualisation will be achieved through extensive use of graphics,
simulation of laboratory models or experiments, animation, and good
quality audio & video clippings. The interactivity provided by ICT will
be effectively used to bridge gap between active learning and passive
teaching and make learning a more interesting and enriching experience.
*
II. *__Teacher Training__
The teacher-training programme has also been planned with an aim to
providing exposure and familiarization to computer and multimedia based
technology tools that can be productively used to improve and enhance
teaching learning in the classroom:
*
III. *__Computer Literacy__
Focus will be also in inducing Computer Literacy in these selected
schools as a by product. Usage and hands-on sessions on basic
applications for teachers and also for selected students will be tried
to incorporate during the later phase of the project.
A
Tentative list on hard spots for content development has also been
compiled which a listed below:
**1.
Numbers**
Sub Topics:
·
Explain the origin of numbers
·
Define natural numbers
·
Define whole numbers
·
Define place value and use it to read numbers up to a
Crore
·
Identify the unique properties of the numbers 0 and 1
·
Identify Roman numerals against the Indo-Arabic numerals
**2.
Factors**
Sub Topics:
·
Find the multiples of a number
·
Find the common multiples of two or more numbers
·
Find the least common multiple (L.C.M) of two or more
numbers
·
Identify prime numbers
·
Identify composite numbers
·
Differentiate between prime numbers and composite numbers
·
Find the factors of a number
·
Find the common factors of two or more numbers
·
Find the highest common factor (H.C.F) of two or more
numbers
**
3.
Fractions**
Sub Topics:
·
Recognise the concept of a fraction
·
Identify the different parts of a fraction
·
Identify the different types of fractions (proper,
improper, like, unlike)
·
Compare like and unlike fractions
·
Recognise the concept of equivalent fractions
·
Add like fractions
·
Subtract like fractions
·
Add unlike fractions
·
Subtract unlike fractions
**4.
Decimal
Fractions**
Sub Topics:
·
Explain the concept of a decimal number
·
Read decimal numbers (up to 4 places)
·
Write decimal numbers (up to 4 places)
·
Differentiate between a decimal and a whole number.
·
Write decimal as a fraction and fraction as a decimal.
·
Multiply decimals with whole numbers.
**5.
Geometry
Part 1**
Sub Topics:
·
Understand that when we look at an object from different
sides we see different shapes of the same object.
·
Differentiate between big and small sizes.
·
Recognise the shapes of a circle, a square, a rectangle
and a triangle.
·
Identify regular and irregular shapes.
·
Recognise open and closed shapes.
·
Identify plane and curved surfaces and objects.
·
Recognise symmetrical shapes and identify the line of
symmetry.
**6.
Geometry
Part2**
Sub Topics:
·
Recognise
parallel and perpendicular lines
·
Recognise angles as the common endpoint of two lines.
·
Identify three types of angles, i.e. acute angle, right
angle and obtuse angle
·
Understand the concept of adjacent angles, vertically
opposite angles, complementary angles and supplementary angles.
·
Identify three types of triangles based on their angles,
i.e. acute-angled triangle, right-angled triangle and obtuse-angled
triangle.
·
Identify three types of triangles based on their sizes,
i.e. equilateral triangle, isosceles triangle and scalene triangle.
**7.
Measurement**
Sub Topics:
·
Identify the use of physical quantities and their units
of measurement.
·
List the standard units of measurement for physical
quantities such as length, weight, area and volume.
·
Measure the length of an object correctly.
·
Measure the weight of an object correctly.
·
Calculate the area of a rectangular surface.
·
Measure the volume of a cube and a parallelepiped
**8.
Data Based
Math**
Sub Topics:
·
Easily read and understand information
when it is represented in a table
·
Record and represent data in a table
·
Use diagrams to represent data
·
Draw a diagram from the given data
**9.
Percents**
Sub Topics:
·
Understand
the concept of percents
·
Recognise the symbol for percents
·
Change fractions to percents
·
Change percents to fractions
·
Change decimals to percents
·
Change percents to decimals
·
Find out how the percents, fractions and decimals are
related
**10.
Average**
Sub Topics:
·
Understand
the concept of Average
·
Solve simple problems on Average
**11.
Algebra**
Sub Topics:
·
Read and
understand algebraic statements
·
Use symbols to form algebraic statements
·
Change general statements into algebraic statements
·
Use variables to represent an unknown quantity
**12.
Unitary
Method**
Sub
Topics:
·
Understand
the concept of Unitary methods
·
Identify the steps of solving problems using unitary
methods
·
Solve problems related to costs of articles using unitary
methods
·
Solve problems related to time and distance using unitary
methods
·
Solve problems related to time and work using unitary
methods
**
13.
Fractions**
Sub Topics:
·
Understand that multiplication of fractions is repeated
addition
·
Multiply a fraction by a whole number
·
Multiply a fraction by another fraction
·
Change mixed numbers into improper fractions
·
Multiply a mixed number by a whole number
·
Multiply a mixed number by a fraction
·
Multiply a mixed number by another mixed number
·
Understand the concept of a reciprocal
·
Use reciprocals to solve problems on division of
fractions
·
Understand that division of fractions is repeated
subtraction
·
Understand that dividing by a number is the same as
multiplying by its reciprocal
·
Divide a fraction by another fraction
**14.
Numbers**
Sub Topics:
·
Distinguish between
positive and negative numbers
·
Define an
integer
·
Distinguish between positive and negative integers
·
Understand
what is a currency?
·
Identify
the different denominations of the rupee
**15.
Decimal
Fractions**
Sub Topics:
·
Compare
decimal fractions
·
Multiply a decimal fraction by a decimal fraction
·
Divide a decimal fraction by 10 or its powers, i.e. 10,
100, 1000 etc.
·
Divide a decimal fraction by a natural number
·
Divide a decimal fraction by a decimal fraction
·
Understand the concept of recurring decimals
·
Read and write a recurring decimal correctly
·
Understand the concept of approximation
**1.
Air
**
Sub Topics:
·
Recognise
that air exists
·
List the properties of air
·
Explain how air occupies space
·
Explain how air has weight
·
Explain how air exerts pressure
·
Identify the uses of air pressure
·
Explain the relation between air pressure and height
**2.
Living
World part 1**
Sub Topics:
·
Classify animals according to their
habitat
·
State the characteristics of grassland animals, animals
in the cold regions and desert animals
·
Identify parts of a seed
·
Identify parts of a leaf
·
List the different types of seeds, roots and leaves
**3.
Natural
Resources**
Sub Topics:
·
Understand
the meaning of natural resources
·
Distinguish between Renewable and Non-Renewable natural
resources
·
Identify water, forests, soil and rocks as natural
resources
·
State the uses of water
·
State the uses of forests
·
State the three types of soil
·
State the properties of the three types of soil
·
State the uses of soil
·
State the uses of rocks
·
Define Minerals
·
Define Ore
**4.
Properties
of Solid substances**
Sub Topics:** **
·
Understand
the property of hardness in solid substances
·
Differentiate between hard and soft substances
·
Understand the property of solubility in solid substances
·
Differentiate between soluble and insoluble substances
·
Understand the property of conduction of heat in solid
substances
·
Differentiate between good conductors and bad conductors
of heat
·
Understand the property of electrical conduction in solid
substances
·
Differentiate between conductors of electricity and non
conductors of electricity
·
Differentiate between magnetic and non magnetic
substances
**5.
Simple
Machines**
Sub Topics:
·
Identify
that the use of machines makes our work easy.
·
Classify the different types of simple machines.
·
Identify the Lever and its uses.
·
Recognise the importance of the Wheel.
·
Identify the Gear and its applications.
·
Identify the Pulley and its uses.
·
Identify the uses of the Inclined Plane.
**
6.
Living
World part 2**
Sub Topics:
·
Classify animals into carnivorous, herbivorous and
omnivorous
·
State the features of carnivorous animals and herbivorous
animals
·
State the uses of domestic animals
·
List the different parts of the flower and their
functions
·
List the different types of fruits and their features
**7.
Motion
Force and Pressure**
Sub Topics:
·
Define motion
·
List the types of motion
·
Differentiate between the types of motion
·
Define force
·
List the types of forces
·
Explain the uses of friction
·
Define pressure
**8.
Measurement**
Sub Topics:
·
Identify
the use of physical quantities and their units of measurement.
·
List the standard units of measurement for physical
quantities such as length, mass, time, temperature, area and volume.
·
Measure the length of an object correctly.
·
Calculate the area of regular surfaces.
·
Measure the area of irregular objects.
·
Measure the volume of regular objects.
·
Measure the volume of irregular objects.
·
Recognize the method of measuring the density of a
liquid.
**9.
Elements
Mixtures and Compounds**
Sub Topics:
·
Understand the concept of an Atom.
·
Understand the concept of an Element.
·
Identify common Elements.
·
Understand the concept of a Compound.
·
Recognise common Compounds.
·
Recognise the symbols of Elements and Compounds.
·
Understand the concept of Mixtures.
·
Identify types of Mixtures.
·
Separate a Mixture of solid and liquid using methods of
evaporation and filtration.
**
English
**
**1.
Simple
Commands and Requests**
Sub Topics:
**2.
Simple
Conversations**
Sub Topics:
**3.
Reading**
Sub Topics:
**4.
Writing**
Sub Topics:
**5.
Listening
**
Sub Topics:
**6.
Speaking**
Sub Topics:
**7.
Grammatical Hard Spots**
Sub Topics:
Computer
Literacy
**1.
General
Introduction to Computers**
Sub
Topics:
·
Evolution
of computers
·
Generation
of Computers – First, Second, Third
·
The
Computer and its components
·
Types of
Computers – Micro, Mini, Mainframe and Super
·
Software
and Hardware
·
Computer
Language
·
Algorithms
– Flowcharts and symbols
·
Characteristics and Application of Computers
·
Safety
Measures of Computers.
**
****2.
The
keyboard**
Sub
Topics:
·
Keyboard-an input device
·
Usage of
alphabets
·
Usage of
digits
·
Usage of
symbols
·
Usage of
special keys
·
Usage of
positioning keys
·
Usage of
function keys
·
Playing
games using keyboard
**
****3.
The Mouse**
Sub
Topics:
·
Mouse-an
input device
·
History
and development of mouse
·
Usage of
the mouse
·
Playing
games using mouse
**
****4.
Output and
Input Device**
Sub
Topics:
·
Input
Devices
·
Keyboard
·
Mouse
·
Joystick
·
MICR
·
OCR
·
Punch Card
·
Light Pen
·
Bar Code
Reader
·
Scanner
·
Output
Devices
·
Monitor
·
Printer
·
Inkjet
·
Drum
·
Laser
·
Dot Matrix
·
Plotter
**
****5.
Printer
and Peripherals**
Sub
Topics:
·
Peripheral
Devices
·
Kinds of
peripheral devices
·
Monitor
·
Keyboard
·
Mouse
·
Scanner
·
Printer
·
Speakers
·
CD-Rom
·
Modem
·
Printers
·
History
·
Classification
·
Kinds of
printer
·
Inkjet
·
Drum
·
Laser
·
Dot Matrix
**
****6.
Introduction to Windows**
Sub
Topics:
·
Operating
Systems-Windows & Linux
·
History of
Windows
·
Windows
Desktop
·
Hardware
requirement for Windows installation
·
Features
of Windows
·
Managing
Windows
·
Folder
Structures
**
****7.
Introduction to Linux**
Sub
Topics:
·
Operating
System- Windows & Linux
·
History of
Linux
·
Linux
Desktop
·
Hardware
requirement for Linux installation
·
Features
of Linux
·
Managing
Linux
·
Folder
Structures** **
**
8.
Drawing
using paint brush**
Sub
Topics:
·
Drawing applications
·
General
introduction
·
Open
office.org. Draw drawing tools
·
Operations
on a document
·
Different
available menus
·
Drawing
simple shapes in open.org.Draw
·
Customising the drawings
**
**
**
9.
Typing by
using some applications**
Sub
Topics:
·
Introduction to word
processor
·
Introduction to open office.org writer
·
Operations
on a text document
·
Different
available menus
·
Typing and
formatting in open office.org text document
·
Windows-
The Stylist
**
10.
Creating
and Storing files and folders**
Sub
Topics:
·
Directory Structure
·
Creation
of folders
·
Definition
of sub folders
·
Viewing
file & directory in Linux
·
Creating,
opening and renaming files and directories
·
Saving
files
·
Copying
and moving files and directories
·
Reducing
file and directories sizes
·
Shortcut
keys
·
Properties
of directories
**
11.
Project
Work**
Sub
Topics:
·
Introduction to
computers
·
Introduction to windows
·
The mouse
·
The
keyboard
·
Creating
and storing files and directories
·
Input and
output devices
·
Drawing
using paintbrush
**12.
Learning the Internet**
·
Introduction to
internet.
·
Browsing and surfing of website
·
Sending e-mail.
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