SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN - A PROGRAMME FOR UNIVERSAL ELEMENTARY EDUCATION

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COMPUTER AIDED LEARNING (CAL)

       Computer Aided Learning                                                                           >> Go Buttom

       It is widely accepted that the integration of modern Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) into the teaching learning process has great potential. In fact, it could be the most important way by which states can meet their educational aspirations within reasonable time and resources.  The use of computers in Elementary schools is basically vision as a teaching and learning aid besides to develop computer literacy amongst the children. Computer aided learning will help us to make the present teaching learning process joyful, interesting and easy to understand through audio-visual aids. Teachers will be resourced with Multimedia Contents to explain topics better. Overall it will help us to improve quality of education in long learn. 

Not much take-up in the previous years except computer literacy programme for 2580 Upper Primary students of 64 schools and 90 teachers of three districts viz,  Imphal East, Senapati and Bishnupur. SSA State Mission Authority, Manipur is planning  to initiate computer-aided education in 510 schools during the year 2007-08.

Main features of Computer Aided Learning in Elementary Schools are as follows:

                    i.            A total of 510 schools will be covered on pilot basis across the 9 districts.

                   ii.            Around 10-15 schools will be covered in each blocks.

                 iii.            Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) or Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOT) model will be followed for implementation.

                iv.            These schools will also be designated as SSA Model Schools where in other SSA Interventions will also be focussed in.

                  v.            Only schools with Upper Primary sections (ME/MV/Composite Schools) will be covered under the project.

                vi.            Each school will be provided with Computers, 1 Dot Matrix Printer and a UPS Systems.

               vii.            Each school will be provided with Multimedia based teaching learning aids on CD for selected hard spots (topics) in Science, Mathematics and English subjects.

             viii.            These contents will be developed as per new National Curriculum Framework.

                 ix.            Minimum two teachers (Science & English) from each school will also be trained to transact the classroom processes and on basic operations of computers.

                  x.            Additional classrooms will also be provided in selected schools under Civil Works Programme wherever necessary.

I      Development of Multimedia Based Educational Content

The Multimedia Based Educational Content will be developed in local languages/mediums besides English on the identified hard spots in Science, Mathematics and English subjects. These will be used for improved and enhance teaching-learning process in classrooms. Concepts hard to visualize, simulations and dynamic processes will be explained through good and effective graphics, sound, animations and video clips based on imaginative analogies and components locally available, commonly noticed by the children in real life.

The developed Multimedia Based Educational Content with an aim to help acquire knowledge, reinforce learning, and will go beyond to include conceptual clarity of the knowledge acquired. Adequate levels of visualisation will be achieved through extensive use of graphics, simulation of laboratory models or experiments, animation, and good quality audio & video clippings. The interactivity provided by ICT will be effectively used to bridge gap between active learning and passive teaching and make learning a more interesting and enriching experience.

II.       Teacher Training

The teacher-training programme has also been planned with an aim to providing exposure and familiarization to computer and multimedia based technology tools that can be productively used to improve and enhance teaching learning in the classroom:

III.      Computer Literacy

Focus will be also in inducing Computer Literacy in these selected schools as a by product. Usage and hands-on sessions on basic applications for teachers and also for selected students will be tried to incorporate during the later phase of the project.

A Tentative list on hard spots for content development has also been compiled which a listed below:

Mathematics

 1.      Numbers

Sub Topics:

          Explain the origin of numbers

          Define natural numbers

          Define whole numbers

          Define place value and use it to read numbers up to a Crore

          Identify the unique properties of the numbers 0 and 1

          Identify Roman numerals against the Indo-Arabic numerals

 2.      Factors

Sub Topics:

          Find the multiples of a number

          Find the common multiples of two or more numbers

          Find the least common multiple (L.C.M) of two or more numbers

          Identify prime numbers

          Identify composite numbers

          Differentiate between prime numbers and composite numbers

          Find the factors of a number

          Find the common factors of two or more numbers

          Find the highest common factor (H.C.F) of two or more numbers

3.      Fractions

Sub Topics:

          Recognise the concept of a fraction

          Identify the different parts of a fraction

          Identify the different types of fractions (proper, improper, like, unlike)

          Compare like and unlike fractions

          Recognise the concept of equivalent fractions

          Add like fractions

          Subtract like fractions

          Add unlike fractions

          Subtract unlike fractions

 4.      Decimal Fractions

Sub Topics:

          Explain the concept of a decimal number

          Read decimal numbers (up to 4 places)

          Write decimal numbers (up to 4 places)

          Differentiate between a decimal and a whole number.

          Write decimal as a fraction and fraction as a decimal.

          Multiply decimals with whole numbers.

 5.      Geometry Part 1

Sub Topics:

          Understand that when we look at an object from different sides we see different shapes of the same object.

          Differentiate between big and small sizes.

          Recognise the shapes of a circle, a square, a rectangle and a triangle.

          Identify regular and irregular shapes.

          Recognise open and closed shapes.

          Identify plane and curved surfaces and objects.

          Recognise symmetrical shapes and identify the line of symmetry.

 6.      Geometry Part2

Sub Topics:

          Recognise parallel and perpendicular lines

          Recognise angles as the common endpoint of two lines.

          Identify three types of angles, i.e. acute angle, right angle and obtuse angle

          Understand the concept of adjacent angles, vertically opposite angles, complementary angles and supplementary angles.

          Identify three types of triangles based on their angles, i.e. acute-angled triangle, right-angled triangle and obtuse-angled triangle.

          Identify three types of triangles based on their sizes, i.e. equilateral triangle, isosceles triangle and scalene triangle.

 7.      Measurement

Sub Topics:

          Identify the use of physical quantities and their units of measurement.

          List the standard units of measurement for physical quantities such as length, weight, area and volume.

          Measure the length of an object correctly.

          Measure the weight of an object correctly.

          Calculate the area of a rectangular surface.

          Measure the volume of a cube and a parallelepiped

 8.      Data Based Math

Sub Topics:

          Easily read and understand information when it is represented in a table

          Record and represent data in a table

          Use diagrams to represent data

          Draw a diagram from the given data

 9.      Percents

Sub Topics:

          Understand the concept of percents

          Recognise the symbol for percents

          Change fractions to percents

          Change percents to fractions

          Change decimals to percents

          Change percents to decimals

          Find out how the percents, fractions and decimals are related

 10. Average

Sub Topics:

          Understand the concept of Average

          Solve simple problems on Average

 11. Algebra

Sub Topics:

          Read and understand algebraic statements

          Use symbols to form algebraic statements

          Change general statements into algebraic statements

          Use variables to represent an unknown quantity

 12. Unitary Method

 Sub Topics:

          Understand the concept of Unitary methods

          Identify the steps of solving problems using unitary methods

          Solve problems related to costs of articles using unitary methods

          Solve problems related to time and distance using unitary methods

          Solve problems related to time and work using unitary methods

13. Fractions

Sub Topics:

          Understand that multiplication of fractions is repeated addition

          Multiply a fraction by a whole number

          Multiply a fraction by another fraction

          Change mixed numbers into improper fractions

          Multiply a mixed number by a whole number

          Multiply a mixed number by a fraction

          Multiply a mixed number by another mixed number

          Understand the concept of a reciprocal

          Use reciprocals to solve problems on division of fractions

          Understand that division of fractions is repeated subtraction

          Understand that dividing by a number is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal

          Divide a fraction by another fraction

 14. Numbers

Sub Topics:

          Distinguish between positive and negative numbers

          Define an integer

          Distinguish between positive and negative integers

          Understand what is a currency?

          Identify the different denominations of the rupee

 15. Decimal Fractions

Sub Topics:

          Compare decimal fractions

          Multiply a decimal fraction by a decimal fraction

          Divide a decimal fraction by 10 or its powers, i.e. 10, 100, 1000 etc.

          Divide a decimal fraction by a natural number

          Divide a decimal fraction by a decimal fraction

          Understand the concept of recurring decimals

          Read and write a recurring decimal correctly

          Understand the concept of approximation

Science  

 1.      Air

Sub Topics:

          Recognise that air exists

          List the properties of air

          Explain how air occupies space

          Explain  how air has weight

          Explain how air exerts pressure

          Identify the uses of air pressure

          Explain the relation between air pressure and height

 2.      Living World part 1

Sub Topics:

          Classify animals according to their habitat

          State the characteristics of grassland animals, animals in the cold regions and desert animals

          Identify parts of a seed

          Identify parts of a leaf

          List the different types of seeds, roots and leaves

 3.      Natural Resources

Sub Topics:

          Understand the meaning of natural resources

          Distinguish between Renewable and Non-Renewable natural resources

          Identify water, forests, soil and rocks as natural resources

          State the uses of water

          State the uses of forests

          State the three types of soil

          State the properties of the three types of soil

          State the uses of soil

          State the uses of rocks

          Define Minerals

          Define Ore 

 4.      Properties of Solid substances

Sub Topics: 

          Understand the property of hardness in solid substances

          Differentiate between hard and soft substances

          Understand the property of solubility in solid substances

          Differentiate between soluble and insoluble substances

          Understand the property of conduction of heat in solid substances

          Differentiate between good conductors and bad conductors of heat

          Understand the property of electrical conduction in solid substances

          Differentiate between conductors of electricity and non conductors of electricity

          Differentiate between magnetic and non magnetic substances

 5.      Simple Machines

Sub Topics:

          Identify that the use of machines makes our work easy.

          Classify the different types of simple machines.

          Identify the Lever and its uses.

          Recognise the importance of the Wheel.

          Identify the Gear and its applications.

          Identify the Pulley and its uses.

          Identify the uses of the Inclined Plane. 

6.      Living World part 2

Sub Topics:

          Classify animals into carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous

          State the features of carnivorous animals and herbivorous animals

          State the uses of domestic animals

          List the different parts of the flower and their functions

          List the different types of fruits and their features

 7.      Motion Force and Pressure

Sub Topics:

          Define motion

          List the types of motion

          Differentiate between the types of motion

          Define force

          List the types of forces

          Explain the uses of friction

          Define pressure

 8.      Measurement

Sub Topics:

          Identify the use of physical quantities and their units of measurement.

          List the standard units of measurement for physical quantities such as length, mass, time, temperature, area and volume.

          Measure the length of an object correctly.

          Calculate the area of regular surfaces.

          Measure the area of irregular objects.

          Measure the volume of regular objects.

          Measure the volume of irregular objects.

          Recognize the method of measuring the density of a liquid.

 9.      Elements Mixtures and Compounds 

Sub Topics:

          Understand the concept of an Atom.

          Understand the concept of an Element.

          Identify common Elements.

          Understand the concept of a Compound.

          Recognise common Compounds.

          Recognise the symbols of Elements and Compounds.

          Understand the concept of Mixtures.

          Identify types of Mixtures.

          Separate a Mixture of solid and liquid using methods of evaporation and filtration.

 English

 1.      Simple Commands and Requests

Sub Topics:

          Understand, give and respond to commands.

          Understand, make and respond to requests.

          Understand, give and respond to instructions.

          Understand, make and respond to Inquiries.

          Understand, offer and respond to suggestions.

 2.      Simple Conversations

Sub Topics:

          Pronounce letters of the alphabet and numbers from 1-20, 30 upto 100.

          Pronounce difficult consonants and difficult vowels.

          Make a distinction in the quality and quantity of certain pairs of vowels.

          Produce a combination of difficult sounds.

          Be familiar with the rules of stress and intonation.

 3.      Reading

Sub Topics:

          Read aloud words with correct pronunciation.

          Read aloud simple phrases and sentences.

          Recognise full stop, comma or question mark as a pause point.

          Read aloud commands and exclamations with a proper intonation.

          Read aloud stories and rhymes.

 4.      Writing

Sub Topics:

          Write capital and small letters of the alphabet.

          Join letters to write in cursive form.

          Describe the use of a dictionary.

          Write a guided composition.

 5.      Listening

Sub Topics:

          Learn to attentively listen and pick up vocabulary and pronunciation from a story.

          Learn to attentively listen and pick up vocabulary and pronunciation from a poem.

          Learn to attentively listen and pick up vocabulary and pronunciation from a dialogue.

          Learn to listen and pick up the format of a telephonic conversation.

 6.      Speaking

Sub Topics:

          Use words of greeting.

          Use polite expressions.

          Talk about himself/herself.

          Describe family members.

          Describe objects in terms of colours, shapes and sizes.

          Carry out a simple conversation.

 7.      Grammatical Hard Spots

Sub Topics: 

          Use Articles appropriately.

          identify the difference between the uses of A and The

          Use possessive forms appropriately

          Use adjectives appropriately

          Use prepositions appropriately

          Use the present continuous tense correctly.

          Use contracted forms of certain words.

          Use This/These and That/Those correctly.

 Computer Literacy

 1.      General Introduction to Computers

Sub Topics:

          Evolution of computers

          Generation of Computers First, Second, Third

          The Computer and its components

          Types of Computers Micro, Mini, Mainframe and Super

          Software and Hardware

          Computer Language

          Algorithms Flowcharts and symbols

          Characteristics and Application of Computers

          Safety Measures of Computers.

 2.      The keyboard

Sub Topics:

          Keyboard-an input device

          Usage of alphabets

          Usage of digits

          Usage of symbols

          Usage of special keys

          Usage of positioning keys

          Usage of function keys

          Playing games using keyboard

 3.      The Mouse

Sub Topics:

          Mouse-an input device

          History and development of mouse

          Usage of the mouse

          Playing games using mouse

 4.      Output and Input Device

Sub Topics:

          Input Devices

          Keyboard

          Mouse

          Joystick

          MICR

          OCR

          Punch Card

          Light Pen

          Bar Code Reader

          Scanner

          Output Devices

          Monitor

          Printer

          Inkjet

          Drum

          Laser

          Dot Matrix

          Plotter

 5.      Printer and Peripherals

Sub Topics:

          Peripheral Devices

          Kinds of peripheral devices

          Monitor

          Keyboard

          Mouse

          Scanner

          Printer

          Speakers

          CD-Rom

          Modem

          Printers

          History

          Classification

          Kinds of printer

          Inkjet

          Drum

          Laser

          Dot Matrix

 6.      Introduction to Windows

Sub Topics:

          Operating Systems-Windows & Linux

          History of Windows

          Windows Desktop

          Hardware requirement for Windows installation

          Features of Windows

          Managing Windows

          Folder Structures

 7.      Introduction to Linux

Sub Topics:

          Operating System- Windows & Linux

          History of Linux

          Linux Desktop

          Hardware requirement for Linux installation

          Features of Linux

          Managing Linux

          Folder Structures 

8.      Drawing using paint brush

Sub Topics:

          Drawing applications

          General introduction

          Open office.org. Draw drawing tools

          Operations on a document

          Different available menus

          Drawing simple shapes in open.org.Draw

          Customising the drawings

 

9.      Typing by using some applications

Sub Topics:

          Introduction to word processor

          Introduction to open office.org writer

          Operations on a text document

          Different available menus

          Typing and formatting in open office.org text document

          Windows- The Stylist

 10.  Creating and Storing files and folders

Sub Topics:

          Directory Structure

          Creation of folders

          Definition of sub folders

          Viewing file & directory in Linux

          Creating, opening and renaming files and directories

          Saving files

          Copying and moving files and directories

          Reducing file and directories sizes

          Shortcut keys

          Properties of directories

 11.  Project Work

Sub Topics:

          Introduction to computers

          Introduction to windows

          The mouse

          The keyboard

          Creating and storing files and directories

          Input and output devices

          Drawing using paintbrush

 12. Learning the Internet 

                     Introduction to internet.

                     Browsing and surfing of website

                     Sending e-mail.

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