EDUCATION OF SC/ST
There are 33 (thirty
three) Scheduled Tribes in Manipur. They are Aimol, Anal, Angami, Chiru,
Chothe, Gangte, Hmar, Kabui, Kacha Naga, Koirao, Koireng, Kom, Lamgang,
Mizo, Lushai, Maram, Maring, Mao, Monsang, Moyon, Paite, Ralte, Sema,
Simte, Suhte, Tangkhul, Thadou, Vaiphei, Zou, Poumei Naga, Tarao, Kharam
and any kuki tribes. They lived mostly in the hill districts of Manipur.
The Mao tribe is mostly concentrating in the Senapati District, the
Tangkhuls in the Ukhrul District, the Kabuis in the Tamenglong District,
the Anals and Maring in the Chandel District and Thadous and Kuki in the
Churachandpur District. According to 2001 census, the Scheduled Tribes
population was 7.41 lakhs (3.74 males and 3.67 females) as against 6.32
lakhs in 1991 census.
There are 7 (seven) Scheduled Castes communities in Manipur.
They are Loi, Yaithabi, Dhobi, Muchi or Rabidas, Namsudra, Patni and
Sutradhar. The total Scheduled Castes population was 60 thousands (30
thousand males and 30 thousand females) in 2001 census as against 37
thousands in 1991 census showing an annual average growth rate of 4.83
percent during the decade 1991-2001.
The scheduled caste and scheduled tribes in
Manipur have a slightly different status but not as low as that of other
states of India. However, due to poor inter village road connectivity with
the district headquarters, communication with the people of interior part
of the state is still lacking behind. On the other hand, in the hill
districts it seems that every village has its own dialect.
The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan provides flexibility
to local units to develop a context specific intervention. Some
interventions could be as follows:
Engagement of community
organisers from SC/ST communities with a focus on schooling needs of
children from specific households.
Special teaching support as per
Ensuring sense of ownership of
school committees by SC/ST communities.
Training programmes for motivation for
Setting up alternative schooling
facilities in unserved habitations and for other out of school children.
Using community teachers.
Monitoring attendance and
retention of children from weaker sections regularly.
Providing context specific
intervention in the form of a hostel, an incentive or a special facility
leaders in school management.
The problems faced by children
in the tribal areas are often different than that faced by children
belonging to Scheduled Castes. Hence, special interventions may be needed
for such regions. Some of the interventions, which can be considered, are:
a) Textbooks in mother tongue for
children at the beginning of Primary education
where they do not
understand regional language.
b) Bridge Language Inventory
for use of teachers.
Special training for non-tribal
teachers to work in tribal areas, including knowledge of tribal dialect.
activities have been taken up during the year 2006-07.
Pictorial charts have been developed in
dialects of the following districts Senapati, Tamenglong, Chandel and
under process for development at the state in recognized dialects.
Enrolment drives in the interior villages of
the districts concerned.
Cultural programmes and ingenious games.
Students rally and meeting of parents,
teachers and members of VECs/WECs.
Participation in exhibition and
Development of learning materials in
Residential camp for SC/ST children.